When Mozart was born in Salzburg in 1756, the city was still the capital of an independent principality of the Bishop. The prince-bishops built for instance the Hohensalzburg and the cathedral. Last one is the first baroque building north of the Alps and of enormous dimensions. Numerous tourist shops attract tourists in the historic district with souvenirs and the famous “Mozartkugel”.
Salzburg is situated in a valley on the Salzach and the region became once rich through the salt trade. Another source of wealth was gold mining especially in the Rauris valley. Today, this region is popular for winter sports and hiking spots.